Ellsworth Raymond "Bumpy" Johnson (October 31, 1905 - July 7, 1968) was an American gangster in New York City's Harlem neighborhood in the early 20th century.


Early lifeEdit

Johnson was born in Charleston, South Carolina and moved to Harlem with his parents as a youth. He was given the nickname "Bumpy" because of a large bump on the back of his head.

Criminal careerEdit

Johnson was an associate of mob boss Stephanie St. Clair. He was one of the leading criminals in Harlem to fight a war against Dutch Schultz, who incorporated the city's organized crime into the Jewish and Italian mobs of the day. He was later hired as an enforcer by the Genovese crime family to protect Mafia operations in black neighborhoods against local criminals, and even met Charlie "Lucky" Luciano more than once during his time. Johnson was arrested more than 40 times and would eventually serve three prison terms for narcotics-related charges. In December 1965, Johnson staged a sit-down strike in a police station, refusing to leave, as a protest against their continued surveillance. He was charged with "refusal to leave a police station" but was acquitted by a judge.


He died on July 7, 1968 at Wells Restaurant in Harlem from a heart attack.

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